Android之调用其他程序


包括调用系统程序和第三方程序

注:国内可能无法访问谷歌对应的功能

  1. 调用第三方程序

//方法一
Intent intent=new Intent();
//包名 包名+类名(全路径)
intent.setClassName("com.linxcool", "com.linxcool.PlaneActivity");
startActivity(intent);
//方法二
Intent intent = new Intent();
ComponentName comp = new ComponentName("com.linxcool","com.linxcool.PlaneActivity");
intent.setComponent(comp);
intent.setAction("android.intent.action.MAIN");
intent.setFlags(Intent.FLAG_ACTIVITY_NEW_TASK);
startActivity(intent); 
  1. 从google搜索内容
Intent intent = new Intent();
intent.setAction(Intent.ACTION_WEB_SEARCH);
intent.putExtra(SearchManager.QUERY,"搜索内容")
startActivity(intent);
  1. 浏览网页
Uri uri =Uri.parse("http://www.google.com");
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW,uri);
startActivity(it);
  1. 显示地图
Uri uri = Uri.parse("geo:38.899533,-77.036476");
Intent it = newIntent(Intent.Action_VIEW,uri);
startActivity(it);
  1. 路径规划
Uri uri =Uri.parse("http://maps.google.com/maps?f=dsaddr=startLat%20startLng&daddr=endLat%20endLng&hl=en");
Intent it = newIntent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW,URI);
startActivity(it);
  1. 拨打电话
Uri uri =Uri.parse("tel:xxxxxx");
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_DIAL,uri);  
startActivity(it);
  1. 发短信
//方法1:
Intent it = newIntent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW);   
it.putExtra("sms_body", "TheSMS text");   
it.setType("vnd.android-dir/mms-sms");   
startActivity(it);

//方法2:
Uri uri =Uri.parse("smsto:0800000123");   
Intent it = newIntent(Intent.ACTION_SENDTO, uri);   
it.putExtra("sms_body", "TheSMS text");   
startActivity(it);

//方法三:
String body="this is sms demo";
Intent mmsintent = newIntent(Intent.ACTION_SENDTO, Uri.fromParts("smsto", number, null));
mmsintent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_MESSAGE_BODY,body);
mmsintent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_COMPOSE_MODE,true);
mmsintent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_EXIT_ON_SENT,true);
startActivity(mmsintent);
  1. 发送彩信
Uri uri =Uri.parse("content://media/external/images/media/23");   
Intent it = newIntent(Intent.ACTION_SEND);   
it.putExtra("sms_body","some text");   
it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_STREAM, uri);   
it.setType("image/png");   
startActivity(it);
StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();
sb.append("file://");
sb.append(fd.getAbsoluteFile());
Intent intent = newIntent(Intent.ACTION_SENDTO, Uri.fromParts("mmsto", number, null));
// Below extra datas are all optional.
intent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_MESSAGE_SUBJECT,subject);
intent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_MESSAGE_BODY,body);
intent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_CONTENT_URI,sb.toString());
intent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_COMPOSE_MODE,composeMode);
intent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_EXIT_ON_SENT,exitOnSent);
startActivity(intent);
  1. 发送Email
Uri uri =Uri.parse("mailto:xxx@abc.com");
Intent it = newIntent(Intent.ACTION_SENDTO, uri);
startActivity(it);

Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SEND);   
it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_EMAIL,"me@abc.com");   
it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_TEXT, "Theemail body text");   
it.setType("text/plain");   
startActivity(Intent.createChooser(it,"Choose Email Client"));

Intent it=new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SEND);     
String[] tos={"me@abc.com"};     
String[]ccs={"you@abc.com"};     
it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_EMAIL, tos);     
it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_CC, ccs);     
it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_TEXT, "Theemail body text");     
it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_SUBJECT, "Theemail subject text");     
it.setType("message/rfc822");     
startActivity(Intent.createChooser(it,"Choose Email Client"));   

Intent it = newIntent(Intent.ACTION_SEND);   
it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_SUBJECT, "Theemail subject text");    
it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_STREAM,"file:///sdcard/mysong.mp3");   
sendIntent.setType("audio/mp3");   
startActivity(Intent.createChooser(it,"Choose Email Client"));

9.播放多媒体

Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW);
Uri uri =Uri.parse("file:///sdcard/song.mp3");
it.setDataAndType(uri,"audio/mp3");
startActivity(it);
Uri uri =Uri.withAppendedPath(MediaStore.Audio.Media.INTERNAL_CONTENT_URI,"1");   
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW,uri);   
startActivity(it);

10.卸载 apk

Uri uri =Uri.fromParts("package", strPackageName, null);   
Intent it = newIntent(Intent.ACTION_DELETE, uri);   
startActivity(it);

11.安装 apk

Uri installUri = Uri.fromParts("package","xxx", null);
returnIt = newIntent(Intent.ACTION_PACKAGE_ADDED, installUri);

Intent intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW);
intent.setDataAndType(Uri.parse("file://" + filepath),"application/vnd.android.package-archive");
startActivity(intent);// 安装
  1. 打开照相机
// 第一种
Intent intent = new Intent("android.media.action.STILL_IMAGE_CAMERA"); //调用照相机
startActivity(intent);
// 第二种
Intent i = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_CAMERA_BUTTON, null);
this.sendBroadcast(i);
// 第三种
long dateTaken = System.currentTimeMillis();
String name = createName(dateTaken) + ".jpg";
fileName = folder + name;
ContentValues values = new ContentValues();
values.put(Images.Media.TITLE, fileName);
values.put("_data", fileName);
values.put(Images.Media.PICASA_ID, fileName);
values.put(Images.Media.DISPLAY_NAME, fileName);
values.put(Images.Media.DESCRIPTION, fileName);
values.put(Images.ImageColumns.BUCKET_DISPLAY_NAME, fileName);
Uri photoUri = getContentResolver().insert(
MediaStore.Images.Media.EXTERNAL_CONTENT_URI,values);

Intent inttPhoto = new Intent(MediaStore.ACTION_IMAGE_CAPTURE);
inttPhoto.putExtra(MediaStore.EXTRA_OUTPUT, photoUri);
startActivityForResult(inttPhoto, 10);

13.从图库选取图片

Intent i = new Intent();
i.setType("image/*");
i.setAction(Intent.ACTION_GET_CONTENT);
startActivityForResult(i, 11);
  1. 打开录音机
Intent mi = new Intent(Media.RECORD_SOUND_ACTION);
startActivity(mi);

15.显示应用详细列表

Uri uri =Uri.parse("market://details?id=app_id");        
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW,uri);        
startActivity(it);        
//where app_id is the application ID, findthe ID         
//by clicking on your application on Markethome         
//page, and notice the ID from the addressbar
//发现用package name也可以
//Uri uri =Uri.parse("market://details?id=<packagename>");

16.寻找应用

Uri uri =Uri.parse("market://search?q=pname:pkg_name");        
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW,uri);        
startActivity(it);

17.打开联系人列表

//1           
Intent i = new Intent();
i.setAction(Intent.ACTION_GET_CONTENT);
i.setType("vnd.android.cursor.item/phone");
startActivityForResult(i, REQUEST_TEXT);
//2
Uri uri = Uri.parse("content://contacts/people");
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_PICK, uri);
startActivityForResult(it, REQUEST_TEXT);

18.调用系统编辑添加联系人

Intent intent = newIntent(Intent.ACTION_INSERT_OR_EDIT);
intent.setType(People.CONTENT_ITEM_TYPE);
intent.putExtra(Contacts.Intents.Insert.NAME, "My Name");
intent.putExtra(Contacts.Intents.Insert.PHONE, "+1234567890");
intent.putExtra(Contacts.Intents.Insert.PHONE_TYPE,Contacts.PhonesColumns.TYPE_MOBILE);
intent.putExtra(Contacts.Intents.Insert.EMAIL, "com@com.com");
intent.putExtra(Contacts.Intents.Insert.EMAIL_TYPE, Contacts.ContactMethodsColumns.TYPE_WORK);
startActivity(intent);

原文链接:https://blog.csdn.net/linxcool/article/details/7692374/


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